Periodontitis is an endemic in our country and all over the world. It is a process, while which the teeth become loose because of the disintegration of the alveolar bone, namely of the mandible and maxilla. Periodontitis can be identified through x-ray, but the case is worse if it is perceptible through physical examination as well.
This problem occurs at old age as a result of a natural physiological process, but unfortunately it can occur at a younger age as well – this not being rare – (mostly because of diabetes, cronic gingivitis or other predisposing aspects).
Therefore it is extremely important for people who have gingivitis not to wait until the gingivitis becomes cronic, but to appeal to a doctor at the first disturbing symptomps.
The regular and proper tooth brushing plays an important role in the prevention and treatment of gingivitis. It is worth cleaning your teeth thoroughly in the morning and evening, after the meals, brushing the inner and outer surfaces of the teeth in a vertical direction, from the gums up to the occlusal area and the chewing surfaces. The proper tooth brushing takes at least five minutes. It is important to remove the pellicle properly, and it is highly recommended to have your plaque removed by a dentist every half a year.
The disintegration of the bone can be controlled, namely the doctor can measure, even in milder cases, with a periodontal probe introduced between the gingiva and the tooth, how big the bone loss is. This is called periodontal pocket depth measurement. The periodontal pocket can emerge between the tooth and the gingiva if there isn’t enough bone foundation, and the bacteria infiltrated through peliccle and saliva cause inflammation and this decomposes the bone even further.
The consequence of this process is loose teeth and tooth loss. These periodontal pockets have to be cleaned regularly by the dentist and the prostheses have to be prepared and checked by dentists. It is recommended to ask for professional advice and not to turn to friend or the dental technician living next door.