The inflammation of the gingiva is mostly caused by the pellicle, which builds up near the gingiva.

It is important to consider the time-span we offer the bacteria to do their job and start their attack.The composition of the pellicle that causes the gingivitis is different from the one that causes caries. We can notice that there are people who are mostly prone to caries, while others are prone to gingivitis, because we all have different bacterial flora in our oral cavity (the total amount of microorganisms living in our mouth) and the proneness to these infections depends on this.

The composition of the pellicle clogging together near the gingiva slowly changes, until it mostly consists of bacteria that can cause gingivitis. The periodontium –but first the gingiva- reacts to the bacterial infection with inflammation, and the swelling of the gums, oversensitivity or gingival bleeding are the result of this. The natural and direct relation between the gingiva and the teeth ceases to exist, and the sensitive area of the dental cervix loses its insulation. The tooth becomes sensitive to cold, heat, sweet or salty food or tooth brushing. This can lead to less frequent tooth brushing. It’s a pity if we come down to this, because an extensive cleaning can put an end to the inflammation in one or two days. It is worth using a soft toothbrush in this case, because this irritates the teeth and the gums less. The soft brush has a lower cleaning effect though, so we should increase the duration of the tooth brushing.