Dental implant

Dental implant

What is a dental implant?

A dental implant is an artificial dental root made of biological materials that is inserted into the place of a missing tooth in order to replace it. In most cases it is made of unalloyed titanium that is completely accepted by the organism. Implants are also made of unalloyed titanium used in therapeutics.
Dental implants - that have been developed as a result of an approximately 40 years of technical experience - suit the highest European standards.

Who do we recommend it to?

We recommend this solution to all the patients who choose this and who have no reason for avoiding it. Implants are recommended to those who practice an adequate oral hygiene and who are ready to keep the oral hygiene rules recommended by the dentist. Risk factors influencing success are: excessive alcohol consumption, drug addiction and excessive smoking.
There are some diseases that can also reduce the successfulness of the implantation such as untreated diabetes, serious cardiovascular diseases. Before the jawbone stops growing (so approximately until the age of 14) implantation is not possible. In this case please consult your dentist.

How does dental implantation proceed?

During a dental examination the dentist examines the patient and he or she decides whether a dental implantation is possible. In one respect this means a dental examination (which teeth need to be replaced, can the jawbone accept the implant, taking X-ray photographs etc.), in the other respect it implies general medical examinations (for example: laboratory analysis).

The next step is the dental implant planning process during which the dentist and the patient discuss some problems (how many implants are needed, would the patient like to have temporary prosthesis during the bone healing, the approximate cost of the prosthesis, scheduling appointments etc.). The implantation is carried out ambulatory with local anesthesia. During this process the dentist prepares the respective part of the jawbone and inserts the implant. After 11 days the dentist removes the stitches and the implants keep healing under the mucosa.

How successful are the implants on the long-term?

Dental implants have been used worldwide for more than 40 years. During the last years many successful implantations have been made. An analysis that used different implantation systems for more than 10 years and examined more than 4000 implants proved that the success rate of the dental implantations has been of over 97%.

Dental implantation as a modern tooth restoration method is an integral part of dentistry and through a good cooperation between the dentist and the patient and using a good implantation system one can have a prosthesis similar to his/her natural teeth and a good general state of health which all make the patient’s life easier. Annually thousands of implants are inserted in our country and abroad. The great results achieved by using these implants have led to a world-wide acknowledgement.

Why is a good oral hygiene important for those having implants?

A good oral hygiene is very important for a long-lasting and functional implant-supported prosthesis. Beside oral hygiene practiced twice a day using a toothbrush and toothpaste we also need to clean the cervical part of the implant – if this part is covered by a crown then we need to clean the surface of the gums surrounding the implant – and the parts that can be found under the implant-supported prosthesis. We can easily remove the dental plaque from these parts using a so-called interdental brush or dental floss. Do not use oral care products that have high fluoride concentration!
The other main condition of the long-term successfulness represents a good quality prosthesis. If both conditions are fulfilled, the expected lifetime of the implants is the same as in the case of natural teeth.

What does implantation offer as opposed to the traditional dental prosthesis?

In case of smaller spaces between teeth the denture can be made using implants and by restoring the root of the missing tooth; whereas using traditional methods the restoration can be realized only by smoothing the neighbouring teeth. The use of implants makes it possible to make a fixed dental prosthesis even in those cases when – because of the loss of molars – the traditional methods would enable only a removable partial denture. In these cases the implant-supported prosthesis assures higher stability and better masticatory ability and it is also more aesthetic. All these effects improve the patients’ quality of life.
In the case of a complete anodontia the implant, as a pillar, can be used in more ways for fixing or supporting the denture. On one hand the implants – due to the anchored retainers – can fix the removable dental prosthesis (due to the so-called retentions or retention bars), on the other hand, in case we insert more implants a fixed dental prosthesis can be made (circular bridge or so-called overdenture prosthesis).

The fixing of the own-tooth-supported and/or implant-supported prosthesis can occur traditionally by bonding or by screwing – the screws being removed only by the dentist. In case of the implant-supported prosthesis we can take into consideration the patient’s wishes and options. By means of the elements of the system we can make dental prostheses using the most modern materials and technologies.

Can allergic reactions occur or tumours appear because of the implantation?

The implants are made of pure titanium. This metal has special biological characteristics; it can fuse with the bone. The specialized literature has never mentioned any allergic reactions or degenerations related to implantation, because its surface is made of a stable compound – titanium dioxide. This material doesn’t dissolve in body-fluids so it has no contact with the immune system. If it was inserted correctly and it was executed professionally, the implant can last a lifetime.

Fixing of removable dentures using implants

Thanks to implants you can have a stable denture

The removable denture can be fixed on each jaw using 2 or if required 4 implants. The denture can be easily snapped on the special parts of the implants that fix the removable denture. The traditional removable denture cannot be fixed using implants so a new denture has to be made. The implants don’t need to be changed from time to time because their lifetime can be of even 30-40 years.

Why is it worth fixing the removable denture with implants?

  • An implant-supported denture is more comfortable, natural and aesthetic than a traditional removable denture.
  • As opposed to the traditional removable denture an implant-supported denture doesn’t loosen or move and this significantly improves the quality of life because it doesn’t hinder the patient in his or her daily activity, it doesn’t hamper speaking, eating or laughing.
  • The fixed denture doesn’t irritate the gums so it doesn’t lead to gingival inflammation.
  • There is no need for adhesives, the removable denture can easily be snapped on the implants.
  • The implant-supported removable denture – because it doesn’t move – can be worn while sleeping and it can be cleaned using a special toothbrush without taking it out.
  • The implants don’t need to be changed because they can last a lifetime if we practise a proper oral hygiene and if they are checked from time to time.
  • By using an implant-supported denture the efficiency of mastication is the same as in the case of natural teeth, so digestive problems can be avoided.
  • By wearing an implant-supported denture you don’t have to avoid the consumption of those products you couldn’t chew with your traditional denture.
  • As in the case of the implant-supported denture the upper denture doesn’t totally cover the palate and this way you can enjoy the taste of your meal.
  • The implant-supported denture doesn’t move, so it doesn’t distort voices.
  • The inserted implants are similar to the natural root, so they not only hinder bone loss, but they also stimulate bone growth. In case of the traditional removable denture bone loss is unavoidable and this fact reduces the stability of the denture.

Fixing of a removable denture in the case of an old anodontia

In the case of an older anodontia can happen that there is not enough bony substance for inserting the implants. In this case osteoplasty is needed. If the bone loss is not so serious osteoplasty can take place at the same time with the implantation, but if the bone loss is more serious we have to wait for the end of the recovery period after the osteoplasty (cca. 6 months) and then can the implantation occur.

In our surgery we use the OT-Medical and the Denti implantation systems. ;